Iowa flood price tag at $2 billion and growing

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 05:30 PM GMT em 17 de Junho de 2008

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Preliminary damage estimates from the June 2008 Midwest flood puts agricultural damage in Iowa alone at $1.0 billion. At least another $1.0 billion in property damage has likely occurred--$762 million of that in Cedar Rapids, Iowa. The price tag is sure to grow, as many locations downstream are facing record flood heights this week. Levee overtopping is possible in at least 28 locations along the Mississippi River and its tributaries in the coming days, according to the Army Corp of Engineers. This year's flooding is one of the ten most damaging non-hurricane flood events in the U.S. since 1980, according to the list of billion dollar weather disasters maintained by the National Climatic Data Center. The damage from this year's flood will not come close to the record $26.7 billion in damage from the catastrophic 1993 flood, though.


Figure 1. Number of billion-dollar weather disasters in the U.S. since 1980. While it is possible that climate change has contributed to the increase in billion-dollar disasters since 1980, increases in population and wealth are primarily responsible. Image credit: NOAA/NCDC.

Billion dollar flooding disasters, 1980-2007
Below is a list of all billion-dollar flooding disasters not due to a hurricane or tropical storm in the U.S. between 1980 and 2008. Two damage figures are given for events prior to 2007. The first figure represents actual dollar costs at the time of the event and is not adjusted for inflation. The value in parenthesis is the costs normalized to 2007 dollars using a GNP inflation index.

Midwest flooding of 2008. At least $2 billion in damage.

Northeast Flooding June 2006. Severe flooding over portions of the northeast due to several weeks of heavy rainfall, affecting the states of NY, PA, DE, MD, NJ, and VA. Over $1.0 billion in damage/costs; at least 20 deaths reported.

Texas Flooding October-November 1998. Severe flooding in southeast Texas from 2 heavy rain events, with 10-20 inch rainfall totals; approximately $1.0 (1.1) billion damage/costs; 31 deaths.

Northern Plains Flooding April-May 1997. Severe flooding in Dakotas and Minnesota due to heavy spring snow melt; approximately $3.7 (4.1) billion damage/costs; 11 deaths.

MS and OH Valleys Flooding and Tornadoes March 1997. Tornadoes and severe flooding hit the states of AR, MO, MS, TN, IL, IN, KY, OH, and WV, with over 10 inches in 24 hours in Louisville; estimated $1.0 (1.1) billion damage/costs; 67 deaths.

West Coast Flooding December 1996-January 1997. Torrential rains (10-40 inches in 2 weeks) and snow melt produce severe flooding over portions of California, Washington, Oregon, Idaho, Nevada, and Montana; approximately $3.0 (3.4) billion damage/costs; 36 deaths.

Pacific Northwest Severe Flooding February 1996. Very heavy, persistent rains (10-30 inches) and melting snow over Oregon, Washington, Idaho, and western Montana; approximately $1.0 (1.2) billion damage/costs; 9 deaths. Special Report

Blizzard of '96 Followed by Flooding January 1996. Very heavy snowstorm (1-4 feet) over Appalachians, Mid-Atlantic, and Northeast; followed by severe flooding in parts of same area due to rain and snow melt; approximately $3.0 (3.5) billion damage/costs; 187 deaths.

Texas/Oklahoma/Louisiana/Mississippi Severe Weather and Flooding May 1995. Torrential rains, hail, and tornadoes across Texas - Oklahoma and southeast Louisiana - southern Mississippi, with Dallas and New Orleans areas (10-25 inches in 5 days) hardest hit; $5.0-$6.0 (6.5-7.1) billion damage/costs; 32 deaths.

California Flooding January-March 1995. Frequent winter storms cause 20-70 inches rainfall and periodic flooding across much of California; over $3.0 (3.6) billion damage/costs; 27 deaths.

Texas Flooding October 1994. Torrential rain (10-25 inches in 5 days) and thunderstorms cause flooding across much of southeast Texas; approximately $1.0 (1.2) billion damage/costs; 19 deaths.

Midwest Flooding Summer 1993. Severe, widespread flooding in central U.S. due to persistent heavy rains and thunderstorms; approximately $21.0 (26.7) billion damage/costs; 48 deaths.

Texas/Oklahoma/Louisiana/Arkansas Flooding May 1990. Torrential rains cause flooding along the Trinity, Red, and Arkansas Rivers in TX, OK, LA, and AR; over $1.0 (1.4) billion damage/costs; 13 deaths.

Western Storms and Flooding 1982 - Early 1983. Storms and flooding related to El Niño, especially in the states of WA, OR, CA, AZ, NV, ID, UT, and MT; approximately $1.1 (2.2) billion in damage/costs; at least 45 deaths.

Gulf States Storms and Flooding 1982 - Early 1983. Storms and flooding related to El Niño, especially in the states of TX, AR, LA, MS, AL, GA, and FL; approximately $1.1 (2.2) billion in damage/costs; at least 50 deaths.

New Orleans still vulnerable to a strong Category 2 hurricane
NOAA announced Monday that the rebuilt New Orleans levee system cannot withstand a strong Category 2 or higher hurricane without overtopping occurring. The Army Corp of Engineers has been given $7.1 billion so far to repair New Orleans' levees in the wake of the catastrophic failures experienced during Hurricane Katrina of 2005. Congress is considering giving another $5.7 billion for the effort. While the levees may get overtopped in a strong Category 2 hurricane, they should be more resistant to catastrophic breaches such as occurred in Katrina, when several flood walls completely failed. The Army Corps says that they have fixed the levees with better support so that water won't be able to scour out the base, and put better clay in them to keep them from dissolving.

Tropics
It's quiet in the tropics. There are no threat areas to discuss, and none of the models are forecasting tropical storm formation in the next seven days.


Jeff Masters

Do Not Try This! (nauvoo)
I am trying to get back from a riverfront home that I am trying to keep the pumps running at. This was a well traveled road.
Do Not Try This!
Where did Alexandria go? (nauvoo)
From the bridge at the IA/MO state line it does not look like much is left.
Where did Alexandria go?
Water over the sandbags! (nauvoo)
They could not keep up with the rising waters at this historic train station on the river front.4 more feet of water are forecast.
Water over the sandbags!

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879. TampaSpin
11:55 PM EDT on June 18, 2008
Kman, i don't see how anyone could ever question his desire to win and what he will do to win.
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878. kmanislander
3:50 AM GMT on June 19, 2008
Rocco did play well, I will give him that but Tiger has a way of making the miracle shots when they count. Like that one from the bunker to within Rocco on the green ( 16th/17th ? )from 180 yds.

That just takes the wind out of his opponents' sails. Anyway, the rest of the field have all of this year to win a few so there -- swings and round-a-bouts.

The tropics are still quiet tonight. The Atl wave is moving too fast in a very dry environment to develop. Maybe closer to 60W but after that the dead zone in the Caribbean until about 72W

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877. moonlightcowboy
10:51 PM CDT on June 18, 2008
.
Member Since: Julho 9, 2006 Posts: 184 Comments: 29610
876. moonlightcowboy
10:49 PM CDT on June 18, 2008
K'man, gonna be over in July before we see something tropical brew?
Member Since: Julho 9, 2006 Posts: 184 Comments: 29610
875. moonlightcowboy
10:45 PM CDT on June 18, 2008
LOL, K'man. At 45, he was probably playing over his head and tough to get another chance like that. Still, he seemed to know that, too. I thought it was a good gentlemen like match. But, when Roc got up, he may have rested on his laurel-lead - not a strategy for the open with Tiger in a playoff! When the pressure gets exponential, one has to turn it up to that level. And, that's what Tiger usually does very well.
Member Since: Julho 9, 2006 Posts: 184 Comments: 29610
874. barbadosjulie
3:45 AM GMT on June 19, 2008
869. msphar 3:41 AM GMT on June 19, 2008

Thanks

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873. kmanislander
3:43 AM GMT on June 19, 2008
Rocco should change his name to Inter-Mediate

Always in the first cut of rough !!

ROFLMAO
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872. moonlightcowboy
10:41 PM CDT on June 18, 2008
LMAO, K'man! Yup, he's the man to beat - for some time to come yet, too! Rocco was very gracious and played well! It was fun to watch.
Member Since: Julho 9, 2006 Posts: 184 Comments: 29610
871. Ldog74
3:35 AM GMT on June 19, 2008
I'm sure as hell not touching a broom tomorrow, it'd be the first time this year we've lost three in a row, be kinda depressing to know its to the franchise with the lowest winning percentage ever.
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870. HadesGodWyvern (Mod)
3:40 AM GMT on June 19, 2008
Philippines Atmospheric Geophysical Astronomical Services Administration

"FRANK" has intensified into a storm and continues to move in a west-northwest direction.

Tropical Cyclone Bulletin #3
============================
At 11:00 A.M. PST, Tropical Storm Frank (Fengshen) located near 9.6ºN, 131.1ºE or 580 kms east of Surigao or 590 kms east southeast of Guiuan, Eastern Samar has sustained winds of 35 knots with gusts up to 45 knots.

Tropical Storm Frank is still far to directly affect any part of the country. However, it is expected to enhance the Southwest Monsoon and bring rains over Visayas and Mindanao and later to Southern Luzon.

Residents in low lying areas and near mountain slopes are alerted against possible flashfloods and landslides.

The public and the disaster coordinating councils concerned are advised to take appropriate action and watch for the next bulletin to be issued at 11 p.m. today.
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869. msphar
3:36 AM GMT on June 19, 2008
Julie the swirl is 24 hours East of your island. It may cut through the chain in the Leewards so perhaps to the North of your island. Its being separated from the trailing moisture buy some strange shear tonight. So you may not get much of either the windy swirl or the rain but you'll know tomorrow night.
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868. kmanislander
3:37 AM GMT on June 19, 2008
Hi Tampa/MLC

Was off for a few minutes catching up on the news. Well, Tiger has done his knee in for the rest of the year and in the process has inflicted untold emotional damage on the rest of the field by giving them a good licking with a bum knee and fractured tibia.

What next, a blindfold and one arm tied behind the back ? LMAO

The tropics could be so exciting eh ??
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867. barbadosjulie
3:39 AM GMT on June 19, 2008
856. Thanks
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866. Chicklit
10:38 PM EST on June 18, 2008
Thank God, we had a good downpour here today in Florida! I'm over and out. Looking forward to checking in with you all over this upcoming season!
j
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865. Weather456
11:36 PM AST on June 18, 2008
855. barbadosjulie 11:29 PM AST on June 18, 2008
when will this wave reach the islands, will it bring rain


Friday, light to moderare scattred showers. Showers will be spread across a large area from Venezuela to Guadeloupe. Then spread into the Northern Leewards/Virgins Friday night into SAT.
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864. moonlightcowboy
10:34 PM CDT on June 18, 2008
Hey, K'man! Yeah, I've read about some FF3 problems. Best to wait with new releases until the get the bugs worked out of them. How's the golf game? Some USOpen, heh?

TS - something could happen down there, all eyes!!!
Member Since: Julho 9, 2006 Posts: 184 Comments: 29610
863. Weather456
11:33 PM AST on June 18, 2008
839. DDR 10:49 PM AST on June 18, 2008
Hey 456
how are you?
Has there ever been a year in which the leeward and windard islands have not been affected by a hurricane or tropical storm?


Since I began tracking tropical storms, 2003 was the only year.
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862. TampaSpin
11:33 PM EDT on June 18, 2008
858. Ldog74 11:32 PM EDT on June 18, 2008

Can you say sweep.......lol
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861. Chicklit
10:33 PM EST on June 18, 2008
Public Health/Safety Concerns for those in Flood Water Regions (for more info go to your county health dept. site).

Minimize Your Risks
Resist the temptation to begin cleaning up before the water recedes. Injuries caused by slippery conditions, poor visibility, floating debris and electrical shock are just a few of the risks.
Do not walk or drive in flood water. Items may be submerged in flooded streets and manhole covers may be missing.
If you get a cut or a puncture wound that is exposed to flood water, there is some risk of tetanus and you should be vaccinated if you haven’t had a tetanus vaccination or “booster” in the past five years. The Polk County Health Department will provide free tetanus vaccinations. No appointment is necessary.
Avoid skin contact with contaminated materials or contaminated water and keep the area well ventilated or, even better, play it safe and leave the area
Remove standing water quickly.
Discard wet materials that can’t be thoroughly cleaned and dried, including anything made of paper, cloth, wood and other absorbent materials.
Dry out the building. Contaminants in flood waters can penetrate deep into porous materials and later get into the air or water. Completely drying out a building will take time, and you may have to remove ceilings, wallboard, insulation, flooring and other materials if they were soaked.
Microorganisms will continue growing as long as things are wet and humidity is high. When fumes aren’t a problem and if electricity is available and safe, you can remove moisture by closing windows and running a dehumidifier or window air conditioner.
Limit your contact with flood water.
Don’t breathe mists from contaminated water. Call the Polk County Health Department or Public Works with questions.

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860. Weather456
11:30 PM AST on June 18, 2008
839. DDR 10:49 PM AST on June 18, 2008
Hey 456
how are you?
Has there ever been a year in which the leeward and windard islands have not been affected by a hurricane or tropical storm?


Since I began tracking tropical storms, 2003 was the only year.
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859. TampaSpin
11:30 PM EDT on June 18, 2008
The Bermuda High is starting to build in mighty strong and gets all the way into the GOM and has been there for some time. A trend is starting to shape up.
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858. Ldog74
3:32 AM GMT on June 19, 2008
Tampa, careful, its been 100 years for us, we've got a lot of pent-up frustration, wouldn't want that to get out lol.
Our WPAC system is looking really impressive for being around for such a short period of time.
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857. CybrTeddy
3:29 AM GMT on June 19, 2008
Interesting to note, the wave we have been watching took away a lot of dry air, thats what early season waves do, they make Dry air go away for the stronger storms.
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856. TampaSpin
11:29 PM EDT on June 18, 2008
Hey Kman
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855. barbadosjulie
3:28 AM GMT on June 19, 2008
when will this wave reach the islands, will it bring rain
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854. cattlebaroness
3:20 AM GMT on June 19, 2008
Howdy everyone.
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853. kmanislander
3:22 AM GMT on June 19, 2008
For all those touting FF 3.0 you might want to read this !

Link
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852. TampaSpin
11:22 PM EDT on June 18, 2008
The mighty RAYS beat the Cubs again tonite..........ya.
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851. TampaSpin
11:18 PM EDT on June 18, 2008
MLC i hear ya and i realize it looks like nothing but moisture will become more plentiful in that area.....and something might happen......just my opinion....
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849. nauvoo
10:11 PM CDT on June 18, 2008
Jeff

I like your comments.I read them regularly. I see you liked my photos. It been a tough week here on the Mississippi.

Fred Cote
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848. moonlightcowboy
10:12 PM CDT on June 18, 2008
844. That does look like an interesting area, but there always seems to be a suspicious low down in that area. Still, worth watching.
Member Since: Julho 9, 2006 Posts: 184 Comments: 29610
847. HIEXPRESS
11:03 PM EDT on June 18, 2008
831.
833. atmoaggie 10:35 PM EDT
HI-X, how did you access that? Forbidden...

Beats me... One minute it works, the next minute it's server not found.

The line forms to the right.
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846. Ldog74
3:02 AM GMT on June 19, 2008
DDR, 1992 is one that comes to mind...
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845. TampaSpin
11:00 PM EDT on June 18, 2008
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844. TampaSpin
10:59 PM EDT on June 18, 2008
I still like this area in the SW Carribean for some develpment in the next couple of days. Low pressure has been in place for some time just hanging out. Now some moisture is coming into that area.........we will see in a couple of days.
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843. guygee
2:50 AM GMT on June 19, 2008
836. atmoaggie 2:36 AM GMT on June 19, 2008

I was thinking more along the lines of nasty mold spores that might set off allergies in some people, or maybe any of who knows what common poisons that may have been swept into the basements that they were inspecting.

I was always taught "safety first" principles when working in potentially dangerous areas, so wearing some protective breathing gear was probably wise.
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842. HadesGodWyvern (Mod)
2:55 AM GMT on June 19, 2008
Joint Typhoon Warning Center

Tropical Cyclone Advisory #3
==============================
At 0:00 AM UTC, Tropical Storm Seven (Fengshen) has 1 minute sustained winds of 45 knots with gusts up to 55 knots. The storm is located 995 NM south-southeast of Naha, Okinawa (Japan) and is reported moving west at 8 knots.

Significant wave height associated with 07W is 16 feet
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841. F1or1d1an
2:56 AM GMT on June 19, 2008
Atmo

You sound like an NMCI victim!

Try plugging in at SPAWAR or MFR in NOLA - that's the definition of a Gordian knot!
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840. BahaHurican
10:45 PM EDT on June 18, 2008
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839. DDR
2:46 AM GMT on June 19, 2008
Hey 456
how are you?
Has there ever been a year in which the leeward and windard islands have not been affected by a hurricane or tropical storm?
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838. BahaHurican
10:44 PM EDT on June 18, 2008
Good night all. I'd rather sit up all night and watch the WPAC and our own tender Twave, but I gotta work early tomorrow . . .
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837. Weather456
10:36 PM AST on June 18, 2008
824. JFV 10:24 PM AST on June 18, 2008
456, are the winward, leeward and virgin islands in grave danger this hurricane season my friend? Your thoughts please weather?


Every year the Lesser Antilles are in danger of getting hit by a storm but is where I dont know. The Windwards may continue their unlucky streak since Ivan 2004, while the Leewards may break their 10 yr lucky streak since Georges 1998. The best we can do is prepare.

The Caribbean is a place where everyone should be prepared even if you are unlikely to get hit by a dangerous storm. By doing so, those who are unaffected would be in a state to help the affected.
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836. atmoaggie
2:35 AM GMT on June 19, 2008
without wearing some sort of breathing protective gear, like a surgical mask, due to the toxic conditions.

That would be the WTC lawsuits a-talking.
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835. Weather456
10:23 PM AST on June 18, 2008
What an excellent curve band pattern...I Dont even have to fit it to a logarithmic spiral.

Curve band arc IR - 0.90 to yeild a DT of 3.5/55 knots/984 mb.

Curve band arc VIS - 0.75 to yeild a DT of 3.0/45 knots/991 mb

Model Expected TNo (MET) supports DT 3.5

Final T no on the bias of MET when DT is uncertain. T 3.5/55 knots/984 mb.



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833. atmoaggie
2:33 AM GMT on June 19, 2008
HI-X, how did you access that? Forbidden...

I know that office is at Stennis (Bay St. Louis, MS) and you haven't seen a nightmare if you haven't plugged something into the network at Stennis (trust me).
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832. BahaHurican
10:28 PM EDT on June 18, 2008
824. JFV 10:24 PM EDT on June 18, 2008

JFV, the only place I don't see as potentially "open for business" is the wide-open sea. The way the high has been setting up, it looks like whatever does make it will end up somewhere in the Antilles, Bahamas, or Carolinas. The early recurving storm doesn't seem as likely.
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831. HIEXPRESS
10:23 PM EDT on June 18, 2008
NOAA's National Coastal Data Development Center
http://www.ncddc.noaa.gov/interactivemaps
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830. cchsweatherman
10:30 PM EDT on June 18, 2008
Good night all! Got a busy day ahead tomorrow.
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829. KEEPEROFTHEGATE (Mod)
2:26 AM GMT on June 19, 2008
jfv no one knows that
its impossible to tell
this could very well blank out no one knows
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Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.

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